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Overview about IVF

IVF or In-vitro Fertilization is an ART solution which is routinely used to help couples facing fertility issues. It is more commonly known as the ‘Test-tube baby’ procedure. It is the procedure by which the prepared sperm and ovum are made to fertilise under laboratory conditions; the embryo is then transferred back to the uterus of the female partner for further development.

IVF Process

Couples recommended for IVF are required to go through a number of investigations and procedures:

Treatment and Counseling

IVF treatment may be cumbersome physically and emotionally for the couple. Counselling with Crysta Counselors help couples understand their treatment regime and voice their concerns which is important prior to the start of the procedure.

Sperm Preparation

Ovarian stimulation leads to maturing of follicles. The growth of these follicles is monitored over 10-12 days. The ovarian response is measured through blood investigations and ultrasound at regular intervals. This process helps to control the size, quality and quantity of the maturing follicles.

Ovum Retrieval

Medication and final stimulation leads to the release of the mature ovum. The ovum is collected in the clinic and is done by ultrasound guidance under sedition. The collected ovum is then sent to the embryologist for processing in the ART laboratory.

Sperm Collection

The male partner is asked to provide a fresh semen sample on the same day. If required, sperm may be extracted from the testes or epididymis by a surgical procedure.

Embryo Transfer

The prepared sperm and ovum are fertilized under laboratory conditions to form the embryo. Several such embryos are prepared by the embryologist and based upon the quality is transferred to the uterus of the female partner on the day 3 or day 5 stage of the embryo.

Post Transfer Care

Post transfer of the embryo, the ART specialist may prescribe medication and other routine care to enhance the chances of implantation. After a particular period of time, pregnancy tests may be recommended to confirm pregnancy.

Cost of an IVF Procedure

The cost of an IVF procedure is approximately 1.5 Lakhs, but is dependent upon the medical condition of the couple. There may be additional medication and treatments suggested for the couple which may further vary the cost.

Success and IVF

The success of an IVF procedure is around 30-35%, however in women younger than the age of 35 years the success rate is around 40%. The success of an IVF procedure depends upon a number of factors such as:

  • Age of the female partner
  • Duration of infertility
  • Type of infertility
  • Cause of infertility
  • Quality of the sperm, ova (eggs), and embryo
  • Development of the endometrium