Infertility is a condition where a couple fails to conceive, even after having multiple, regular unprotected sex for 6 months to 1 year. The treatments for infertility depends on factors like age, how long the infertility has existed, willingness or eagerness to conceive, the couple preferences and their underlying health conditions. Few treatments which are termed as assisted reproduction techniques are IUI, IVF and ICSI. These are safe treatments, which can assist couples in becoming parents.
IUI – It is done with the husband’s semen involving injecting the semen (washed sperm sample) into the cervical canal (neck of the womb) at the time of ovulation. In certain cases, if the donor sperm is required, couple is properly counselled and only after receiving consent donor sperm is used. Counseling is compulsory for patients requesting the use of donated gametes.
IUI is often done with or without stimulation of the ovaries with fertility drugs, to increase the chances of conception. The cycle is monitored with ultrasound, and insemination is performed at around the time of ovulation, i.e. about 36 hours after an HCG injection to trigger ovulation.
Donors are screened for sexually transmittable agents (including HIV) and genetically inherited diseases. We freeze donated samples and quarantine them for a minimum of six months prior to use. This allows time for all the test results to be collected and HIV testing to be repeated, prior to using the samples. We try to match the partner’s ethnic background, his eye and hair coloring, to that of the donor. Other characteristics, such as blood group can be matched on request, depending on availability.
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) commonly known as ” test tube baby” has changed the lives of millions of infertile couples. With modern advancements, the results of IVF treatment are now very encouraging. It is a form of assisted reproduction method, which involves retrieving mature eggs from the ovary, and fertilize with the semen by use of in vitro fertilization, and then putting the resulting embryo into the uterus.
It is a form of assisted reproduction method, which involves retrieving mature eggs from the ovary, and fertilize with the semen by use of in vitro fertilization, and then putting the resulting embryo into the uterus. More than one fertilized eggs may be transferred into the woman’s uterus, where they may implant to the uterine lining and further develop. The egg retrieval is done under anesthesia, using a vaginal ultrasound, to guide the insertion of a long, thin needle through vagina into the ovary and then into each follicle to retrieve eggs. This is a short duration procedure which does not require the patient to be admitted to the hospital. The whole IVF section is provided with HEPA filtered, sterile, pressurized air for bacteria free and particle free atmosphere to improve the success of the treatment.
ICSI is a sophisticated technique, which was first introduced into clinical practice for certain types of infertility in 1992. It has revolutionized the treatment of severe male infertility. In this procedure, one individual sperm is picked up in a tiny needle, many times smaller than a human hair. This sperm is then injected directly into the center of a mature egg.
ICSI helps to overcome fertility problems, such as:
Even miracles take time, but your journey has been long. We would love to be the one for you. Let us be your hope and faith.